Skip to the main content
Photo from unsplash: nikola-johnny-mirkovic-wyM1KmMUSbA-unsplash_fzyj2q

Using Python and Scala in Data Engineering and DevOps

Written on July 12, 2021 by Rab Mattummal.

Last updated April 02, 2022.

See changes
3 min read
––– views
Read in Dutch

Python and Scala are versatile languages for performing a wide range of tasks in data engineering and DevOps.

Python in Data Engineering

Python is a popular choice in data engineering for its readability and extensive library support. Here's how you can use Python for common data engineering tasks:

Data Extraction

Python makes it easy to extract data from various sources. For instance, you can use the pandas library to read data from CSV files:

import pandas as pd
data = pd.read_csv('data.csv')

Data Transformation

Performing data transformations is a fundamental part of data engineering. Python allows you to manipulate data efficiently. For instance, you can use pandas to clean and reshape data:

# Remove missing values
# Perform data aggregation

Data Loading

Loading data into databases or data warehouses is another crucial task. With libraries like SQLAlchemy, you can easily connect to databases and load data:

from sqlalchemy import create_engine
engine = create_engine('sqlite:///mydb.sqlite')
data.to_sql('mytable', engine, if_exists='replace')

Scala in Data Engineering

Scala's strong typing and compatibility with big data tools make it an excellent choice for data engineering. Here's how you can leverage Scala for data engineering tasks:

Distributed Data Processing

Scala seamlessly integrates with distributed data processing frameworks like Apache Spark. You can write efficient data processing pipelines:

import org.apache.spark.sql.SparkSession
val spark = SparkSession.builder()
val data ="data.csv")

Parallel Processing

Scala allows for parallel processing, which is essential for handling large datasets. You can leverage Scala's parallel collections:

val data = List(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
val result = * 2)

Python in DevOps

Python's simplicity and rich ecosystem also make it valuable for DevOps tasks. Here are some use cases:

Script Automation

You can automate tasks with Python scripts. For example, deploying code changes or managing server configurations:

import subprocess'')

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)

Tools like Terraform enable you to manage infrastructure as code. Python scripts can help generate Terraform configurations:

import hcl2
config = {
    'resource': {
        'aws_instance': {
            'example': {
                'ami': 'ami-0c55b159cbfafe1f0',
                'instance_type': 't2.micro',
with open('', 'w') as f:
    hcl2.dump(config, f)

Scala in DevOps

Scala's conciseness and type safety can be advantageous in DevOps as well. Here are some use cases:

Continuous Integration

Scala can be used to write custom plugins for CI/CD tools like Jenkins, ensuring code quality and deployment automation:

object JenkinsPipeline {
  def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
    // Define your Jenkins pipeline here

Log Analysis

Scala's pattern matching and expressive syntax are beneficial for log analysis. You can create scripts to parse and analyze log data effectively:

val logData = /* Read log data */
logData.foreach {
  case Warning(message) => /* Handle warning */
  case Error(message) => /* Handle error */
  case Info(message) => /* Handle info */
  case _ => /* Handle other cases */

Both Python and Scala offer unique advantages in data engineering and DevOps, making them valuable tools in modern IT environments.

This topic covers the use of Python and Scala in data engineering and DevOps, with code examples for each language in various scenarios.
Tweet this article

Liking it?

Don't overlook this opportunity. Receive an email notification each time I make a post, and rest assured, there won't be any spam.